Our member Alma Kugić, together with her 24 international colleagues of interdisciplinary provenances (aerospace engineering, structural engineering, astrophysics, robotics, radiation, life support systems, human factors, space architecture …), participated as a Team Red at the Space Station Design Workshop of the University of Stuttgart and won this year’s award. The workshop was very intensive and was evaluated by experts from the Institute of Space Systems (University of Stuttgart). The development of the project lasted the whole week from 4-9 October, 2021. The team worked day and night on a lunar basis in close cooperation, each in its own area and in mutual coordination.
On Thursday, December 17, 2020. the 17th session of the Economic Council of the University of Algebra was held with the participation of high representatives of the Government and the economy. At the session, A3 participated with the contribution Concept of Space Industry Development in Croatia, presented by Zdenko Uvalić, within which the Perun I project was presented.
1. Izvješće o rezultatima i aktivnostima Algebre 2020/2021
Uvodničar: doc. dr. sc. Mislav Balković, dekan Visokog učilišta Algebra (vidi snimku)
2. Nacionalni plan oporavka i otpornosti – pregled stanja planiranja i digitalna komponenta
Moderator: Mr.sc. Boris Drilo, predsjednik HUP ICT i član uprave Hrvatskog telekoma
Sudionici: dr.sc. Zvonimir Savić, Posebni savjetnik predsjednika Vlade RH, koordinator izrade Nacionalnog plana oporavka i otpornosti 2021-2023. (vidi snimku); B.Sc. Bernard Gršić, državni tajnik u Središnjem državnom uredu za razvoj digitalnog društva;
3. Novi Zakon o strancima iz perspektive obrazovanja i zapošljavanja
Moderator: Hrvoje Josip Balen, član uprave Algebre
Sudionik: Ivica Šušak, ravnatelj Uprave za visoko obrazovanje, Ministarstvo znanosti i obrazovanja RH
Proposal to amend the document of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Croatia until 2030
We would like to point out the omission of one important development and economic segment in the document of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Croatia until 2030, which we believe will be an important factor in the scientific and economic development of the Republic of Croatia in the coming years. The segment that this document talks about and that we propose to include in the National Development Strategy 2030 is space – space technologies and space economy. Unfortunately, Croatia is the only member of the European Union that has not yet launched its own satellite, and we are not a member of the European Space Agency, although the initial steps have already been taken by signing the Cooperation Agreement with ESA in 2018. By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030 over the next 10 years, we would catch up with other members of the European Union in this segment, and there would be no lack of economic, technological and scientific benefits.
The importance and recognition of space as one of the drivers of future economic progress and scientific development is best illustrated by numerous studies and projections of the world’s largest consulting firms that even have special departments that monitor and analyze trends in the space industry. Morgan Stanley  in two of his studies this year predicts the growth of the space industry to more than $ 1 trillion by 2040, and the main drivers of this growth will be launches, satellite Internet, space exploration, lunar exploration, Earth observation, asteroid mining, space tracking waste, space tourism and new materials and technologies. In its review of the 2019 space industry perspective, Deloitte  makes its prediction of how much new technologies such as clouds, blockchain, artificial intelligence and machine learning can be integrated into the space industry.
The space industry has a significant impact on increasing employment and GDP, as PricewaterhouseCoopers  points out in its 2019 study, which states that European space programs cause multiplier effects of 1.4 to 2.0 on GDP and 1.2 to 2.4 on employment. In a May publication this year, KPMG  makes 30 of its predictions for the direction and development of the space industry and space economy. Many of today’s startups will become leaders in the space industry by 2030, and many companies will work directly or indirectly for the space industry.
Developed countries are increasingly focusing on space and space-related activities, and funding for space ventures is shifting from the public sector to the private sector. However, in order for the private sector to invest in space technology, the state must pass certain legislation, but also be a member of international organizations engaged in space exploration such as the European Space Agency (ESA).
Croatia does not have a developed space program, although it has potential through companies that are currently engaged in space technology in the following segments:
– remote sensing
– data sciences
– Artificial Intelligence
– robotic systems and components
– rocket technology
– advanced materials
– energy production and storage
By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030, we not only open new opportunities for existing companies but also create the preconditions for the emergence of new ones, and we also follow the Joint Statement on Visions and Goals for Europe’s Future in Space, adopted jointly by senior EU and ESA Directorate at a meeting held in Brussels in 2016, as well as the conclusions of the European Council  on the key principles of the global space economy of 11.11.2020.
However, space should not be viewed only through the prism of economic benefit. The universe has both enormous educational and scientific significance. The study of space and space technology is an additional challenge for the academic community, and the inclusion of space in the National Development Strategy 2030 would facilitate cooperation and preparation of joint projects with other academic institutions inside and outside Croatia on projects related to space and space technologies. As a very attractive component in the STEM area, we are sure that the space movement could expand in Croatia with great zeal and speed and thus further encourage the development of Croatian STEM. By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030, we open the possibility for future generations to keep pace with global technological trends and to be ready for the world of tomorrow.
By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030, we facilitate synergies between the education and real sectors, send the message that we want to become a high-tech country, facilitate the development of a whole new sector and, most importantly, provide future generations with the knowledge they will need in the near future.
Having in mind all the arguments presented in this document, we hope that you will include space – space technologies and space economy in the National Development Strategy 2030.
Prof. dr. sc. Slobodan Bosanac
Members of A3:
Stevče Arsoski, ing.el. mentor, Tehnička škola Sisak
Mislav Balković, dr. sc., VU Algebra, Dekan
Ognjan Božić, TU Braunschweig, hon. Prof. Dr.-Ing., akademik IAA
Neven Braut, Interval d.o.o, dipl. ing., CEO
Željko Galić, dipl. ing, SPAN d.o.o. Direktor međunarodnog razvoja poslovanja
Hrvoje Gold, prof. dr. sc., FPZ Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Tomislav Grubeša, dipl. ing., Geolux d.o.o. CEO
Dalibor Hatić, dipl. ing., OIKON d.o.o., CEO
Mile Ivanda, dr. sc., Institut Ruđer Bošković, znanstveni savjetnik
Ante Jukić, prof. dr. sc., FKIT Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Zoran Kahrić, NASA, Lead Test Engineer
Igor Kekez, mag. Aeronautike
Filip Kisić, VU Algebra
Marko Kralj, dr. sc., Institut za fiziku, ravnatelj
Jurica Kundrata, dr. sc., FER Sveučilište u Zagrebu, vodeći istraživač
Stanislav Kurajica, Prof. dr. sc. , Sveučilište u Zagrebu Fakultet kemijskog inženjerstva i tehnologije
Matija Makoter, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje
Vilko Mandić, Doc. dr. sc. , Sveučilište u Zagrebu Fakultet kemijskog inženjerstva i tehnologije
Branimir Miletić, Business Analyst, IIBA Croatia Chapter
Mario Muštra, prof. dr. sc., FPZ Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Luka Orsag, mag. ing. mech., R&D Computer vision engineer
Silvio Papić, dipl. ing., VU Algebra
Mirko Planinić, prof. dr. sc., PMF Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Dekan
Damir Preksavec .dipl. ing. str.,prof. Centar odgoja i obrazovanja Mali Lošinj i Srednja škola Ambroza Haračića Mali Lošinj
Ida Srdić, Institut Ruđer Bošković, Savjetnik za inovacije
Zdenko Uvalić, CEng, MIMechE, Airbus, Structural Enginee
Hrvoje Zorc, dr. sc., znanstveni savjetnik
The Regional Center of Competence in the sector of electrical engineering and computer science of the Technical School Sisak was established. Within the Center, there is a Practicum for Space Technology in which students will acquire competencies in the development, testing and launch of satellites. At the founding meeting on December 4, 2020 of the working group for space technologies, the director of TŠ Sisak prof. Davor Malović gave a detailed overview of the work and financial support to the Regional Center. These are members of the working group
- Stevče Arsoski, Technical School Sisak, leader of the working group
- Branislav Kostić, Technical School Sisak, Deputy Head of the working group, Member of the working Group
- Franjo Kozina, Faculty of Metallurgy, member of the working group
- Slobodan Danko Bosanac, Adriatic Aerospace Association (A3), member of the working group
- Mirta Medanić, Amphinicy Technologies, member of the working group
The regional center, the only one in Croatia that has a space technology section, will be of great importance for the acquisition of students’ knowledge in one of the most propulsive development directions of technology and science in the world. More about the Regional Center.
At the International Space University (ISU), a detailed analysis of the position of the Republic of Croatia on the issue of the space program was made. The document was compiled by students under the direction of prof. Gongling Sun within the ISU International Relations Department. ISU has close ties with the most important space agencies, ESA is one of the main sponsors, and this document is important as an independent insight into the state and possible development of the space program in the Republic of Croatia.
Slovenia is deeply in the development of the space program and is promoting it on the world stage. For Expo 2020, which was to take place from October 20, 2020 to April 10, 2021, Slovenia built its own pavilion within which this video was to be shown. Expo 2020 has been postponed to start October 1, 2021 but courtesy of A3 member mr. Bernard Šrajner we can show it a year in advance (click the image).
Adriatic Aerospace Association delegation, composed of President Slobodan Danko Bosanac, Filip Kisic, Matija Makoter, Luka Korova, Mario Mustra, Darko Luksa and Vlado Sruk visited the Aerospace Engineering Department, Fachhochschule Wiener Neustadt, Austria where their director Carsten Scharlemann, Carlo Girardello, Kaarel Repaen and Wolfgang Treberspurg received us. The visit is a continuation of the collaboration on satellite technology, first of all getting to know the group’s experiences at WN on CubeSat Pegasus, which is in orbit, and on their new CLIMB project. For our part, we introduced them to the CubeSat Perun I project. After a very fruitful discussion, we visited a laboratory where satellites are assembled and tested. The meeting ended with the signing of a collaboration agreement between A3 and the Aerospace Engineering Department.
At the beginning of July 2019, a Cooperation Agreement was signed between the Adriatic Aerospace Association and the Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU) School of Astronautics. The NPU is the most prestigious in astronautics in China with a wide spectrum of activities, which will be a great incentive for the development of the space program in the Republic of Croatia. On the side of the NPU, the Signatory of the Contract is Prof. Dr. Yi Li, Deputy Dean of the School of Astronautics, while on the A3 side the signatories where Prof. Dr. Sc. Slobodan Danko Bosanac, President A3, and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ognjan Božić.
Hybrid rocket engines have the future and they are in the phase of intense research and development. Hon. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ognjan Božić, an A3 member, led until this year the DLR team that develops that aspect of rocket propulsion. The report on the work on the project has been published on the DLR website.
„In the spring of 2019, the innovative hybrid rocket engine “AHRES-B” was successfully tested on the test bench “block of four” at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Trauen. For the researchers a special reason to enjoy, because hybrid rocket engines are not only fundamentally cheaper and safer than conventional rocket engines, AHRES-B is also significantly more effective than all its predecessors. The current test has shown that the technological development of hybrid rocket engines is now well advanced enough to be used, for example, on sounding rockets.
The advantage: hybrid rocket engines are combinations of solid and liquid engines and combine the best features of both engine types. The liquid oxygen carrier – in this case highly concentrated hydrogen peroxide – and the solid fuel HTPB (hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene) are initially separated in AHRES-B and only meet in the combustion chamber. As a result, there is no risk of explosion during storage and operation. In addition, the substances used are non-toxic and not harmful to the environment.“