Adria Space Conference, 12-13-May 2022

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The basic dilemma in the planning of conquering Space is whether it is a human endeavour, or we let the job be done by artificial intelligence, more precisely androids. In both cases without artificial intelligence the plan is bound to fail, whether it is building and partnership in space stations or habitats on the Moon or Mars. At the root of this dilemma there are many challenges to be tackled if humans are the passengers in Space, whereas for artificial intelligence they are not much more problematic than for ordinary machines. Adriatic Aerospace Association, together with its partners, is organising a meeting to review the challenges of developing artificial intelligence that would work in partnership with humans, or that would be sufficiently autonomous in decision making and curiosity driven as humans are.

The aim of the conference is to foster and strengthen regional cooperation in research and development of these activities. The conference profile is a two-day meeting with plenary lectures by eminent speakers. The state-of-the-art in the field and future developments are the focus of the meeting, whereby groups from regional countries will participate and share their knowhow. The invited lectures will be followed by a panel discussion on the issue of the role of artificial intelligence in Space.

Space crew Mali Lošinj

Damir Preksavec, professor at the Mali Lošinj Odgojni dom and founder of the Space Technology Section at the same one, gathered a team of students at the High School Ambroz Haračić in Mali Lošinj on the topic of space technologies. At the A. Haračić School, he teaches courses in electrical engineering and electronics as an external associate. One of the first projects of students inspired by space technology is the creation of a model of our 1U satellite, named Perun.

Student Jan Žugić
My ambition is to become a software engineer and work for faang companies (Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, Google), ie the biggest tech companies or even NASA / SPACEX. I am interested in modern and experimental technologies of the type composite materials (carbon fiber, fiberglass, clover), graphene, robotics (boston dynamics), development of artificial intelligence (machine learning), I think to go to Algebra as a software engineer after high school.

Student Luka Dudić
My ambition is to successfully complete the Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka and board a ship and, if possible, a good company. My interests are renewable energy, space technology and everything related to space.

Student Marijan Matković
My ambition is to finish the Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka and go sailing maybe a tanker or LNG. My interests are green energy, space science and technology, cryptocurrencies and gaming

Project “Learning Through Play”

In the Bogdan Ogrizović Library and Reading Room in Zagreb, on December 30, 2021, contracts were signed on the implementation of projects for the Call “Strengthening the capacity of civil society organizations to popularize STEM”. The contracted projects are worth more than 20 million kuna, and are co-financed from the European Social Fund and the State Budget in the position of the Office for Non-Governmental Organizations. The contract for the project entitled LEARNING THROUGH THE GAME, worth HRK 1,709,968.59, was signed on behalf of the project holder of the GAME OF KNOWLEDGE association, the president of the association Ida Srdić and a member of A3. In addition to the holders, the Adriatic Aerospace Association, FERIT Osijek, the Faculty of Graphic Arts in Zagreb, HZTK, the University of Algebra and MIPRO are participating in the project as partners in the project. Workshops are organized in the implementation of the project “Learning through play”

New Energy Days Conference

Within the Technical School Sisak, under the leadership of Professor Stevča Arsoski, working models of propulsion for the next generations of space vehicles are being made, using electromagnetic fields and ions.

It is in Poreč from January 26 to January 28. In 2022, the first conference entitled “Days of New Energies” was held. The organizer of a very interesting conference was the company BELMET 97 from Zagreb, and the sponsors are the Agency for Vocational and Adult Education and the Croatian-German Chamber of Commerce. At the invitation of the organizer prof. Arsoski gave a lecture on “Ionic motor drive for small satellites” with an emphasis on the school project of the functional model of the ion engine, which was made at the Technical School Sisak as part of the Workshop exercises. In addition to lectures, Arsoski demonstrated the work of the ion engine. In addition to the lecture, he also presented the Regional Competence Center of the Sisak Technical School, which is the only one to have a planned and implemented practicum for space technology. In addition to the work of the school, Arsoski presented the A3 association and introduced the participants to the PERUN project – the first Croatian satellite. Participants showed a high level of interest in the development and implementation of space technology education models in their schools.

International conference on security, science and peace was held

A two-day conference entitled ‘Security, Science and Peace Conference’ organized by the Croatian Pugwash Group, a branch of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (https://pugwash.org/) and the World Academy of Arts and Science (www.worldacademy.org) was held from the 12-13 November 2021. It was held in a hybrid form due to epidemiological measures. The conference was held under the high patronage of the President of the Republic of Croatia, Mr. Zoran Milanović, and within the platform Conference on the Future of Europe.

In two days, six topics on security, science and peace were discussed. Academician Ivo Šlaus, member of the International Council of Pugwash, Paolo Cotta Ramusino, Secretary General of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Götz Neuneck from EuroPugwash and Zvonimir Šikić, President of the Croatian Pugwash Group, addressed the gathering at the beginning. The conference was moderated by Ana Jerković, Vice President of the Croatian Pugwash Group.

The first panel dealt with the topic ‘How can Croatia contribute to the security and peace policies of the European Union’, and was discussed by former President Ivo Josipović, former Minister Vesna Pusić, Ambassador Božo Kovačević and Krševan Antun Dujmović from IRMO. The second panel held was on  ‘Science and Security’ in which the panelists were Götz Neuneck from EuroPugwash, Krunoslav Pisk, Director of the IUC, Nikola Protrka from the Ministry of the Interior and Toni Prug from the University of Rijeka. The third topic ‘Nuclear Disarmament and Global Security’ was a round table with Paolo Cotta Ramusino, Secretary General of Pugwash, Ambassador of Japan Misako Kaji, Ambassador of Kazakhstan Tolezhan Barlybayev, Ambassador of the Netherlands Henk Voskamp and Ambassador of Switzerland Emilia Georgieva.

The second day of the conference began with the panel on the role of the Non-Aligned Movement today, which was discussed by former President Stjepan Mesić, Ambassador of Azerbaijan Fakhraddin Gurbanov, diplomat Budimir Lončar and scientist Asim Kurjak. The panel on Emerging Technologies was held with presentations by Jürgen Altmann from the University of Dortmund, Frano Barbir from FESB, Haris Boko, Director of EUBusinees and Bojan Pečnik, Director of Hipersfera. The conference was concluded with the panel ‘Croatia and Space’ in which Tome Antičić from the Institute Ruđer Bošković, Marina Skender from FERIT, Slobodan Bosanac, director of the Adriatic Aerospace Organization and Mirta Medanić from Amphinicy Technologies presented their views on this topic.

A3 at the Economic Council of VU Algebra

On Thursday, December 17, 2020. the 17th session of the Economic Council of the University of Algebra was held with the participation of high representatives of the Government and the economy. At the session, A3 participated with the contribution Concept of Space Industry Development in Croatia, presented by Zdenko Uvalić, within which the Perun I project was presented.

Dnevni red:

1.                  Izvješće o rezultatima i aktivnostima Algebre 2020/2021

Uvodničar: doc. dr. sc. Mislav Balković, dekan Visokog učilišta Algebra (vidi snimku)

Sudionici: dr.sc Danko Bosanac i Zdenko Uvalić  https://perun-i.hr/ (vidi snimku)

2.                  Nacionalni plan oporavka i otpornosti – pregled stanja planiranja i digitalna komponenta

Moderator: Mr.sc. Boris Drilo, predsjednik HUP ICT i član uprave Hrvatskog telekoma

Sudionici: dr.sc. Zvonimir Savić, Posebni savjetnik predsjednika Vlade RH, koordinator izrade Nacionalnog plana oporavka i otpornosti 2021-2023. (vidi snimku); B.Sc. Bernard Gršić, državni tajnik u Središnjem državnom uredu za razvoj digitalnog društva;

3.                  Novi Zakon o strancima iz perspektive obrazovanja i zapošljavanja

Moderator: Hrvoje Josip Balen, član uprave Algebre

Sudionik: Ivica Šušak, ravnatelj Uprave za visoko obrazovanje, Ministarstvo znanosti i obrazovanja RH

4.                  Razno

Amendment to the National Development Strategy until 2030

Proposal to amend the document of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Croatia until 2030

We would like to point out the omission of one important development and economic segment in the document of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Croatia until 2030, which we believe will be an important factor in the scientific and economic development of the Republic of Croatia in the coming years. The segment that this document talks about and that we propose to include in the National Development Strategy 2030 is space – space technologies and space economy. Unfortunately, Croatia is the only member of the European Union that has not yet launched its own satellite, and we are not a member of the European Space Agency, although the initial steps have already been taken by signing the Cooperation Agreement with ESA in 2018. By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030 over the next 10 years, we would catch up with other members of the European Union in this segment, and there would be no lack of economic, technological and scientific benefits.

The importance and recognition of space as one of the drivers of future economic progress and scientific development is best illustrated by numerous studies and projections of the world’s largest consulting firms that even have special departments that monitor and analyze trends in the space industry. Morgan Stanley [1] in two of his studies this year predicts the growth of the space industry to more than $ 1 trillion by 2040, and the main drivers of this growth will be launches, satellite Internet, space exploration, lunar exploration, Earth observation, asteroid mining, space tracking waste, space tourism and new materials and technologies. In its review of the 2019 space industry perspective, Deloitte [2] makes its prediction of how much new technologies such as clouds, blockchain, artificial intelligence and machine learning can be integrated into the space industry.

The space industry has a significant impact on increasing employment and GDP, as PricewaterhouseCoopers [3] points out in its 2019 study, which states that European space programs cause multiplier effects of 1.4 to 2.0 on GDP and 1.2 to 2.4 on employment. In a May publication this year, KPMG [4] makes 30 of its predictions for the direction and development of the space industry and space economy. Many of today’s startups will become leaders in the space industry by 2030, and many companies will work directly or indirectly for the space industry.

Developed countries are increasingly focusing on space and space-related activities, and funding for space ventures is shifting from the public sector to the private sector. However, in order for the private sector to invest in space technology, the state must pass certain legislation, but also be a member of international organizations engaged in space exploration such as the European Space Agency (ESA).

Croatia does not have a developed space program, although it has potential through companies that are currently engaged in space technology in the following segments:
– communication
– remote sensing
– data sciences
– Artificial Intelligence
– robotic systems and components
– rocket technology
– advanced materials
– energy production and storage

By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030, we not only open new opportunities for existing companies but also create the preconditions for the emergence of new ones, and we also follow the Joint Statement on Visions and Goals for Europe’s Future in Space, adopted jointly by senior EU and ESA Directorate at a meeting held in Brussels in 2016, as well as the conclusions of the European Council [5] on the key principles of the global space economy of 11.11.2020.

However, space should not be viewed only through the prism of economic benefit. The universe has both enormous educational and scientific significance. The study of space and space technology is an additional challenge for the academic community, and the inclusion of space in the National Development Strategy 2030 would facilitate cooperation and preparation of joint projects with other academic institutions inside and outside Croatia on projects related to space and space technologies. As a very attractive component in the STEM area, we are sure that the space movement could expand in Croatia with great zeal and speed and thus further encourage the development of Croatian STEM. By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030, we open the possibility for future generations to keep pace with global technological trends and to be ready for the world of tomorrow.

By including space in the National Development Strategy 2030, we facilitate synergies between the education and real sectors, send the message that we want to become a high-tech country, facilitate the development of a whole new sector and, most importantly, provide future generations with the knowledge they will need in the near future.

Having in mind all the arguments presented in this document, we hope that you will include space – space technologies and space economy in the National Development Strategy 2030.

Prof. dr. sc. Slobodan Bosanac
president

Members of A3:
Amphinicy d.o.o.
Stevče Arsoski, ing.el. mentor, Tehnička škola Sisak
Mislav Balković, dr. sc., VU Algebra, Dekan
Ognjan Božić, TU Braunschweig, hon. Prof. Dr.-Ing., akademik IAA
Neven Braut, Interval d.o.o, dipl. ing., CEO
Željko Galić, dipl. ing, SPAN d.o.o. Direktor međunarodnog razvoja poslovanja
Hrvoje Gold, prof. dr. sc., FPZ Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Tomislav Grubeša, dipl. ing., Geolux d.o.o. CEO
Dalibor Hatić, dipl. ing., OIKON d.o.o., CEO
Mile Ivanda, dr. sc., Institut Ruđer Bošković, znanstveni savjetnik
Ante Jukić, prof. dr. sc., FKIT Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Zoran Kahrić, NASA, Lead Test Engineer
Igor Kekez, mag. Aeronautike
Filip Kisić, VU Algebra
Marko Kralj, dr. sc., Institut za fiziku, ravnatelj
Jurica Kundrata, dr. sc., FER Sveučilište u Zagrebu, vodeći istraživač
Stanislav Kurajica, Prof. dr. sc. , Sveučilište u Zagrebu Fakultet kemijskog inženjerstva i tehnologije
Matija Makoter, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje
Vilko Mandić, Doc. dr. sc. , Sveučilište u Zagrebu Fakultet kemijskog inženjerstva i tehnologije
Branimir Miletić, Business Analyst, IIBA Croatia Chapter
Mario Muštra, prof. dr. sc., FPZ Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Luka Orsag, mag. ing. mech., R&D Computer vision engineer
Silvio Papić, dipl. ing., VU Algebra
Mirko Planinić, prof. dr. sc., PMF Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Dekan
Damir Preksavec .dipl. ing. str.,prof. Centar odgoja i obrazovanja Mali Lošinj i Srednja škola Ambroza Haračića Mali Lošinj
Ida Srdić, Institut Ruđer Bošković, Savjetnik za inovacije
Zdenko Uvalić, CEng, MIMechE, Airbus, Structural Enginee
Hrvoje Zorc, dr. sc., znanstveni savjetnik

[1] https://www.morganstanley.com/ideas/investing-in-space   https://www.morganstanley.com/Themes/global-space-economy

[2] https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/us/Documents/public-sector/space-perspective-on-tech- trends-2019.pdf

[3] https://www.pwc.fr/fr/assets/files/pdf/2019/06/fr-pwc-main-trends-and-challenges-in-the-space-sector.pdf

[4] https://assets.kpmg/content/dam/kpmg/au/pdf/2020/30-voices-on-2030-future-of-space.pdf

[5] https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/46730/st12851-en20.pdf

Regional centre of competence in Sisak

The Regional Center of Competence in the sector of electrical engineering and computer science of the Technical School Sisak was established. Within the Center, there is a Practicum for Space Technology in which students will acquire competencies in the development, testing and launch of satellites. At the founding meeting on December 4, 2020 of the working group for space technologies, the director of TŠ Sisak prof. Davor Malović gave a detailed overview of the work and financial support to the Regional Center. These are members of the working group

  1. Stevče Arsoski, Technical School Sisak, leader of the working group
  2. Branislav Kostić, Technical School Sisak, Deputy Head of the working group, Member of the working Group
  3. Franjo Kozina, Faculty of Metallurgy, member of the working group
  4. Slobodan Danko Bosanac, Adriatic Aerospace Association (A3), member of the working group
  5. Mirta Medanić, Amphinicy Technologies, member of the working group

The regional center, the only one in Croatia that has a space technology section, will be of great importance for the acquisition of students’ knowledge in one of the most propulsive development directions of technology and science in the world. More about the Regional Center.

(Hrvatski) ISU izvješće svemirskog programa RH

At the International Space University (ISU), a detailed analysis of the position of the Republic of Croatia on the issue of the space program was made. The document was compiled by students under the direction of prof. Gongling Sun within the ISU International Relations Department. ISU has close ties with the most important space agencies, ESA is one of the main sponsors, and this document is important as an independent insight into the state and possible development of the space program in the Republic of Croatia.
Report